E Pluribus Unum - Out of Many, One

The Rio conference, which adopted the declaration, was held from 3 to 14 June 1992. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, the Rio Conference and the Earth Summit (ECO92 in Portuguese), was a major United Nations conference held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992. Critics point out that many of the agreements reached in Rio have not been implemented on such fundamental issues as the fight against poverty and environmental clean-up. One of the great achievements of the summit was an agreement on the climate convention, which culminated in the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. Another agreement was “not to conduct activities on aboriginal lands that cause environmental degradation or that would be culturally inappropriate.” To ensure compliance with the Rio Agreements (particularly the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and Agenda 21), Earth Summit delegates established the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). In 2013, the CSD was replaced by the High-Level Policy Forum on Sustainable Development, which meets annually as part of ECOSOC meetings and every four years as part of the General Assembly. In 1992, 172 nations met in Rio de Janeiro for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) to find solutions to problems such as poverty, the growing gap between developed and developing countries, and growing environmental, economic and social problems. The aim was to lay the groundwork for sustainable development around the world. Environmental protection and social and economic development have been implemented in the same way. In addition, important legally binding agreements (Rio Convention) have been put in place for the signing: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (CNUES), by name Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro conference (Brazil, 3-14 June 1992), in order to reconcile global economic development and environmental protection.

The Earth Summit was the largest meeting of world heads of state and government since 1992, attended by 117 heads of state and representatives of 178 nations. Through treaties and other documents signed at the conference, most nations around the world have nominally committed to seeking economic development in a way that would protect the planet`s environment and non-renewable resources. Participating countries signed three non-binding agreements under international law (Agenda 21, Rio Declaration, Declaration of Principles) and two legally binding conventions (climate change framework convention, biological diversity convention).


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